Section A – Reading
1. Read the following passage.
(1) When you grow up in a place where it rains for five months a year, wise elders help you to get acquainted with the rain early. They teach you that it is ignorance to think that it is the same rain falling every day. Oh no! the rain is always doing different things at different times. There is rain that is gentle and there is also rain that falls too hard and damages the crops. Hence, pray for the sweet rain that helps the crops to grow.
(2) The monsoon in the Naga Hills goes by the native name, Khuthotei (which means the rice-growing season). It lasts from May to early or mid-October. The local residents firmly believe that Durga Puja in October announces the end to rain. After that, one might expect a couple of short winter showers, and the spring showers in March and April. Finally, comes the ‘big rain’ in May; proper rainstorms accompanied by heart-stopping lightning and ear-splitting thunder. I have stood out in storms looking at lightning arc across the dark skies, a light-and-sound show that can go on for hours.
(3) This is the season when people use the word ‘sezuo’ and ‘suzu’ to refer to the week-long rains, when clothes don’t dry and smell of mould, when fungus forms on the floor and you can’t see the moon or the stars.
(4) The rains are also called after flowering plants and people believe that the blossoming of those plants draws out rain. Once the monsoon sets in, field work is carried out in earnest and the work of uprooting and transplanting paddy in flooded fields is done. The months of hard labour are June, July and August. In August, as the phrogo plant begins to bloom, a rain will fall. This August rain, also called phrogo, is a sign that the time for cultivation is over. If any new grain seeds are sown, they may not sprout; even if they do sprout, they are not likely to bear grain. The rain acts as a kind of farmer’s almanac.
(5) The urban population of school-goers and office-goers naturally dislikes the monsoon and its accompanying problems of landslides, muddy, streets and periodic infections. For non-farmers, the month of September can be depressing, when the rainfall is incessant and the awareness persists that the monsoons will last out till October. One needs to have the heart of a farmer to remain grateful for the watery days and be able to observe from what seems to the inexperienced as a continuous downpour-many kinds of rain. Some of the commonly known rain-weeks are named after the plants that alternately bloom in August and September. The native belief is that the flowers draw out the rain.
(6) Each rain period has a job to fulfil: October rain helps garlic bulbs to form, while kumunyo rain helps the rice bear grain. Without it, the ears of rice cannot form properly. End of October is the most beautiful month in the Naga Hills, as the fields turn gold and wild sunflowers bloom over the slopes, all heralding the harvest. Prayers go up for protecting the fields from storms, and the rains to retreat because the grains need to stand in the sun and ripen. The cycle nears completion a few weeks before the harvest, and the rain does retreat so thoroughly from the reaped furrows that the earth quickly turns hard. The months of rain becomes a distant memory until it starts all over again.
Based on your understanding of the passage, answer ANY EIGHT questions from the nine given below.
Question. The rains are called after flowering plants because:
Answer.it is believed that the plants bring the rain.
Question. The rain is like a calendar for farmers because:
Answer.it tells them when to sow and when to harvest.
Question. People who live in cities don’t like rain because:
Answer.it brings mud and sickness with it.
Question. People pray asking the rain to retreat because:
Answer.the crops need the sun and heat to ripen.
Question. What do elders want you to understand about rains?
Answer.That rain always does different things at different times.
Question. What helps the crops to grow?
Question. What does Durga Puja mean to the farmers of the Naga hills?
Answer.It announces the end of rain.
Question. What kind of rain is called ‘sezuo’ or ‘suzu’?
Answer.Week long rain.
Question. When can one see sunflowers blooming all over the Naga Hills?
Answer.End of October
2. Read the following passage.
(1) Parents of teenagers or preteens should realize the normal struggles with fads, music and other efforts of independence occur in every family. Once they know that they can relax more and worry less about how their children are “turning out”. Chances are they will be just fine and the challenging teen will grow up to be a responsible adult.
(2) In the early years of children’s lives, parents are the most important figures in their world. Their approval, love and support are critical to children. Consequently, much of what children do and say is aimed at maintaining that love and approval. As children get older and have more contact with people other than their parents, their behaviour and attitude will be influenced by other people.
(3) When children are young, many parents maintain control over most aspects of their child’s life.These parents choose their child’s clothes, friends, hobbies and so on. As children grow older, they realize they can never grow into adults without having control of their lives. Consequently, teens begin to fight for control.
(4) For teens, this struggle for adulthood is terribly risky because they risk losing the most important thing in their lives — the love of parents. At the same time, parents may feel rejected, hurt and anxious about teens’ abilities to care for themselves. Their struggle is stressful because everyone cares so greatly about each other.
(5) A common complaint from teens is that parents “want me to be the way they want me to be.” In other words, many parents want a certain career, appearance or college for their teen. These parents experience varying amounts of disappointment and sometimes anger because their children fail to live up to the parents’ expectations.
(6) Accepting teens as individuals who will have to make their own decisions about how to be an adult in the world can be extremely hard to do. But the healthy teen will grow up and do just that. Parents who reject their teen for failing to follow the parents’ plans or who reject some aspect of their teen’s life may find themselves painfully alienated from this person who they care about so much.
(7) A survey was conducted where 500 teenagers were asked a question “What is the one thing your parents can do to make you happier?”. The responses of the teenagers were presented in the form a pie chart.
Based on your understanding of the passage, answer ANY SIX out of the seven questions given below.
Question. What are the normal struggles between parents and teenagers?
Answer.Efforts of independence
Question. What can the parents do when they know how their children are turning out?
Question. What is the challenging teen likely to grow up into?
Answer.A responsible adult
Question. Who are the most important figures in the world in the early years of children’s lives?
Question. What do the teens fight for?
Answer.Teens fight for control.
Question. Why is the struggle for adulthood terrible risky?
Answer.They risk losing the love of parents.
Question. Which word in the passage means same as ‘isolate’ (used in para 6)?
Section B – Writing
Question.3. Namita/Namit has come out successful in the XII class examination. She/he has decided to organise a party for her/his friends. Draft an informal invitation in about 50 words giving details of the venue, time and date.
28 May, 20xx
You will be pleased to know that I have cleared my class XII examination with 96% marks and have been declared a city topper. To celebrate the occasion, please join me for a small get together on 1 June, 20xx at my residence at 7 p.m. Hope you will surely come and be a part of my celebration.
Your loving friend
Question.4. Attempt ANY ONE from (A) and (B) given below.
(A) You are Karan / Kirti of L. M. Memorial Public School, Dwarka. Your school has adopted a village as a social responsibility. Students are being taken to teach the children of that village on a regular basis. Write a report, for your school magazine on the various other programmes organized there in about 120-150 words.
(B) You are Ram/Rajani, living at 1, Rana Pratap Marg, New Delhi. After reading the details given below,you feel that you have the requisite qualification for the job. Write an application for the job giving your bio-data separately.Sun University requires Lecturer in English for their new Campus at Panipat. Candidates with minimum 5 years of experience can apply. Excellent command of English is a must. Excellent package and compensation for experienced persons. Those interested may e-mail to [email protected] gmail.com or mail their response to: Box no 123, ‘The Harbinger’, New Delhi.
(A) Various Activities In The Adopted Village
— by Karan/Kriti
L. M. Memorial Public School, Dwarka.
10th October, 20xx
On the occasion of World Literacy Day, the students of L. M. Memorial Public School, Dwarka were taken to a nearby village named Rajpur.
The school has taken the responsibility of educating the people residing in the village. Selected students from each standard are taken there every weekend, during school hours to impart knowledge. The first 6 months motive is to make each and every person capable of reading and writing. Free books and stationery are being provided through quality education. Children are given time to teach the residents in small groups, play games and interactions. Apart from the educational needs, special care is devoted to hygiene and sanitation. Girls are being given awareness on the importance of menstrual hygiene as well. Various talent hunts were organised which left everyone overawed. The immense enthusiasm and zeal in the people to learn was the main driving factor.
A family kind of environment is created. The school treats the people of the village as its own students and is unbiased. By adopting a village, the school is making its students sensitive towards the need of the welfare of unprivileged and inculcates a sense of duty towards the society at a young age.
1, Rana Pratap Marg
01 March, 20XX
Box no 123
Subject: Application for the post of a Lecturer in English
In response to your advertisement in The Times of India, dated February 25, 20XX for the post of an English Lecturer in your new campus, I wish to offer my candidature.
I would like to bring into your kind notice that I possess all the essential requisites for the job. I am enclosing a copy of my bio-data for your perusal and kind consideration.
I am available for the interview on any day of your convenience. If given a chance to serve you, I assure you that I shall work with utmost sincerity and dedication.
Section C – Literature
5. Attempt ANY FIVE of the six questions given below, within 40 words each.
Question. How did Edla persuade her father to let the peddler stay in their home till Christmas?
Answer.Edla pleaded with her father not to send the vagabond away because she wanted him to stay there for the Christmas celebration. She understood how hard it must have been for him to wander from place to place and being homeless, she wanted him to stay and enjoy at least one day of peace, comfort and solace. Moreover, it was Christmas Eve and Edla wanted to keep the spirit of the Christmas alive. She told her father that they had invited him as a guest for Christmas, so they must keep their promise and not turn him away.
Question. What does a thing of beauty do for us?
Answer.Athing of beauty is like a bower. It brings us endless pleasure, provides respite from our sorrows, and gives us peaceful sleep and a calm mind. It removes the pall from our dark spirits and brings us happiness and peace.
Question. We can’t approve of Jack’s attitude towards his wife. Comment.
Answer.Jack’s attitude towards his wife was not a very healthy one. He did not like the feigned happiness and smile of his wife in a cocktail party. He wanted to help his wife, but he didn’t even though she was pregnant. He wanted to dominate her. He didn’t want to speak with her, touch her or work with her.
Question. What could the Governor have done to securely bring Evans back to the prison from the ‘Golden Lion’?
Answer.The Governor, instead of sending Evans with other officers in some other car, could have got Evans back with himself in his own car or should have sat in the van in which Evans was supposed to go. This way, he could have known that the people in the van were not his men but Evans’s accomplices.
Question. Mention two things of beauty that Keats refers to in his poem. How do they influence us?
Answer.The poet refers to the objects of nature as things of beauty. The bushes of dancing daffodils and the thickets in green forests sprinkled with musk roses make us joyful just by looking at them or by dreaming about them. All the beautiful objects in nature help us to overcome sadness and uplift our soul.
Question. What made Gandhi ji demand 50% refund from the British landlords?
Answer. Gandhi ji demanded 50% refund from the British landlords in the form of repayment of money which the landlords had illegally and deceitfully extorted from the poor sharecroppers.
6. Answer ANY TWO of the following in about 120-150 words each.
Question. What kind of garden does Mr. Lamb have? Why does he like it?
Answer.Mr. Lamb is an old man with a tin leg. His real leg was blown off years ago during the war. He lives all alone in his house. There is a garden near the house. It has ripe crab apples looking orange and golden in colour. It is a place which welcomes different kinds of people and lets them do what they want. Mr. Lamb wanted kids and all to visit him as he couldn’t move much
Question. What will happen when Aunt Jennifer is dead ?
Answer.When Aunt Jennifer will be dead, she will still remain chained to the ordeals of her married life in the same way as she was mastered by when she was alive. It is considered that she will not be able to shake off the shackles of her married life. Since the society is male dominated, it will show no concern for Aunt’s suffering, even her death.
Question. The story, ‘The Rattrap’ is both entertaining and philosophical. Discuss.
Answer. The story entertains us by providing glimpses into human nature and how people react to various situations. The actions of the peddler after stealing thirty kronor are quite amusing. The reactions of the blacksmiths to the tramp’s request for shelter show how casual and indifferent human beings can be.
The U-turn in the ironmaster’s attitude towards the stranger reveal how selfish and ignorant human beings can be. Mistaking the vagabond for his old regimental comrade, whom he thinks he has run across unexpectedly, he asks the stranger to accompany him home and spend Christmas with them. When the stranger refuses to go with him, the ironmaster sends his daughter. With her better persuasive power she makes him follow her. The ironmaster is annoyed on seeing the stranger in broad daylight. But instead of realising his own mistake, he puts the blame on the man. He talks of handing him over to the sheriff. The metaphor of the world being a rattrap saves the situation for the tramp, but the ironmaster wants to turn him out. His daughter’s comments are quite entertaining and philosophical. She wants the tramp to enjoy a day of peace. Secondly, she does not want to chase away a person whom they had invited home and had promised Christmas cheer.