Class 12 Political Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set B | Latest Updates

We have provided below Class 12 Political Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set B. These CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Political Science will help you to do practice and understand the type of questions expected to come in the Political Science exams for Class 12. The Sample Guess papers provided by us for Grade 12 Political Science have been prepared based on the current academic years instructions and examination guidelines provided by CBSE. All question papers have been provided with solutions.

CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Political Science Term 1 With Solutions Set B

Section – A

1. The year …… was a year of violence and trauma of displacement. In this situation independent India started on its journey to achieve several objectives.
(a) 1946
(b) 1947
(c) 1945
(d) 1948   

2. Consider the following statements regarding Cuban Missile Crisis and select the correct codes.
(i) The Cuban Missile Crisis was a high points of what come to be known as Cold War.
(ii) The Cold War referred to the competition, the tensions and a series of confrontations between US and Soviet Union.
(iii) It was named as ‘hot war’.
(a) Both (i) and (ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i) and (iii)
(d) (i), (ii) and (iii) 

3. The signatories of limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963 is/are
(a) USA, UK, USSR
(b) UK, USA, India
(c) South Africa, UK, USA
(d) India, USA, China   

4. The influence of Arab spring could also be seen in which countries?
(a) Yemen and Bahrain
(b) Libya
(c) Syria
(d) All of these   

5. SAARC established in the year ………… .
(a) 1982
(b) 1983
(c) 1985
(d) 1986   

6. The NITI Aayog works upon the approach of ……
(a) Cooperative federalism
(b) Bottom up approach
(c) Top down approach
(d) Sustainable development 

7. The Gulf War, lasted betwen August 1990 and …… . It was an international conflict that empted after Iraq, after Saddam Hussain invaded neighbouring …………..
(a) 1991, Kuwait
(b) 1992 Kuwait
(c) 1991, UN
(d) 1992, Syria   

8. Which of the following statement/statements are correct?
(a) The objective of UN is to prevent international conflicts and to facilitate co-operation among states.
(b) UN intended to bring countries together to improve the prospects of social and economic development.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)     

9. Which principle was followed for the process of partition?
(a) Religious minority principle
(b) Religious majority principle
(c) Secular majority principle
(d) None of the above   

10. Which of the following statements are correct regarding models of development during independence?
(i) The USSR followed the socialist model.
(ii) The Europe and USA followed the liberal capitalist model.
(iii) The liberal capitalist model was supported by all Indians.
Select the correct codes
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (iii) Only
(c) (i) and (iii)
(d) (i), (ii) and (iii)   

11. Arrange the following in chronological order.
A. Marshal Plan
B. Unification of Germany
C. Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan
D. American Intervention in Vietnam
Codes
(a) A, B, C, D
(b) B, C, A, D
(c) A, D, C, B
(d) C, A, B, D   

12. The Foreign Policy of Independent India advocated the policy of …… to reduce the Cold War tensions. The first PM of India, …… played a significant role in setting the national agenda.
(a) Communalism, Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Non-alignment, Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Statehood, BR Ambedkar
(d) None of these   

13. Who was the leader of Soviet Union who converted Cuba into a Rusian base by installing nuclear missiles in 1962?
(a) Nikita Khrushchev
(b) John F. K Kennedy
(c) Gamal Abdel Nasser
(d) None of the above   

14. When did NATO came into existence?
(a) April 1950
(b) April 1949
(c) April 1952
(d) April 1951   

15. Which of the following statements are correct regarding principles of Panchsheel?
(i) Peaceful-co-existence
(ii) Equality and mutual benefit
(iii) Aggression among countries
(iv) Non-interfearence in each other internal affairs
Select the correct codes
(a) (i), (ii) and
(iv) (b) (iii) and (iv)
(c) (ii), and (iii)
(d) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)   

16. Mahatma Gandhi was assasinated on
(a) 30 January, 1948
(b) 30 January, 1947
(c) 30 January, 1949
(d) 30 January, 1950   

17. The Joint Declaration of Panchsheel between Nehru and the …… on 29th April …… marked the strong relationship between the countries.
(a) Chinese Zhou Enlai, 1954
(b) Chinese Zuhu, 1955
(c) Chinese Eulu, 1954
(d) None of these    

18. The Soviet System was based on which party system?
(a) Republican Party
(b) Communist Party
(c) Capitalist Party
(d) None of these     

19. Which of the following statements is true in relation to Second World War?
(a) Result of end of Second World War was the rise of one new power on the global stage.
(b) With the defeat of Germany and Japan, the devastation of Europe, the United States and the Soviet Union became the greatest powers.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Only (b)   

20. The first nuclear explosion was carried out by India in
(a) May, 1974
(b) May, 1975
(c) May, 1977
(d) May, 1973   

21. Which of the following statements are correct regarding China War, 1962?
(a) India took military assistance from US and Britain to move over the crisis.
(b) The Soviet Union remained neutral during this invasion.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) or (b)   

22. Which of the following statements are not correct regarding NAM?
(i) NAM was formed during the Cold War as an organisation of states that did not seek to formally align themselves with either of the superpower alliances.
(ii) NAM was founded by three leaders.
(iii) The first Non-Aligned Summit was held in Belgrade in year 1962. 
Select the correct codes.
(a) Both (i) and (ii)
(b) Both (ii) and (iii)
(c) Only (ii)
(d) Both (i) and (iii)   

23. ……… was President of Yugoslavia, who fought against Germany in ……….
(a) Sukarno, First World War
(b) Gamal Masses Second World War
(c) Tito, Second World War
(d) None of the above   

24. When did India intervened the Bangladesh Liberation War?
(a) November 1971
(b) February 1971
(c) December 1971
(d) December 1972 

Section – B

25. The Cold War was not simply a matter of power rivalries, of military allainces and of the balance of power. Balance of Power stands for ……………… .
(a) a policy of nation or group protecting itself against other group by matching its power against the power of other side.
(b) structured upon the ideas of common ownership of goods and services.
(c) based on liberal ideas and profit making.
(d) None of the above   

26. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) Amnesty International is an NGO that compaigns for the protection of human rights all over the world.
Reason (R) The UN is an imperfect body, but without it the world would be worse off. 
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.   

27. Which of the following statements are correct regarding NAM?
(i) The Non-Aligned Movement was founded in 1961 in Serbia.
(ii) It was formed during Cold War.
Select the correct codes.
(a) Only (i)
(b) Only (ii)
(c) Both (ii) and (iii)
(d) Neither (i) nor (ii)   

28. Which of the following statements are correct regarding India’s New Economic Policy?
(i) India’s New Economic policy was launched in 1999.
(ii) When India met with an economic crisis relating to an external debt.
Select the correct codes.
(a) Only (i)
(b) Only (ii)
(c) Both (i) and (ii)
(d) Neither (i) and (ii)   

29. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) The Russian Republic, where Yeltsin won a popular election, began to shake off centralised control.
Reason (R) A coup took palce in 1991 that was encouraged by Communist Party hard-liners.
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.  

30. The Socialist Revolution is Russian 1917 was inspired by the ideals of socialism. What is Socialism?
(a) Socialism refers to political and economic theory of social organisation.
(b) The Socialist Movement was inspired by idea of socialism.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)    

31. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) The one and only crisis that occured during the Cold War was the Cuban Missile crisis.
Reason (R) The Cold War also led to several shooting wars. 
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. 

32. The Green Revolution resulted in rise of middle peasant section. Which of the following argument is not correct?
(a) The Green Revolution resulted in High Yielding Variety crops.
(b) Green Revolution reduced the economic incentives.
(c) It strengthened capacities of agricultural producers.
(d) None of the above   

33. Who among the following leaders were opposed to the partition?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Khan Adbul Gaffar Khan
(c) Mahammad Ali Jinnah
(d) Both (a) and (b)   

34. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) While India was trying to convince the other developing countries about the policy of non-alignment, Pakistan joined the US-led military alliances.
Reason (R) Unlike its relationship with Pakistan, free India began its relationship with China on a very friendly note.
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. 

35. Which UN official declared US-led invasion of Iraq as an illegal act?
(a) Ban Ki-Moon
(b) Kofi A Annan
(c) U Thant 
(d) Javier Perez de Cuellar   

36. What does the ASEAN regional forum carries out?
(a) Coordination of security and foreign policy
(b) Regional place
(c) Counter terrorism
(d) FDI   

37. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) The two Muslim majority provinces of British India had very large areas where non-Muslims were in majority.
Reason (R) The two reasons were bifurcated according to the religious majority at the district.
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. 

38. Which conference laid the foundation for Non-Alignment Movement?
(a) Bandung Conference
(b) Yalta Conference
(c) Stockholm Conference
(d) Round Table Conference 

39. In the given question, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct code.
Assertion (A) The draft of the First Five Year Plan and then actual plan document released in December 1951, generated a lot of excitement in the country.
Reason (R) This draft failed to meet the expectations of the country as it did not have anything for common men.
Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.   

40. What are the four principle strategic objective of ILO?
(i) To promote and realise standards and fundamental principles and rights at work.
(ii) It helps the countries to improve their health system by building up infrastructure.
(iii) To create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment.
(iv) It gives important drugs needed for medical care.
Select the correct codes
(a) (i) and (iii)
(b) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(c) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(d) All of these

41. ……… became the most influential and central machinery for deciding what path and strategy India would adopt for its development.
(a) Bombay Plan
(b) Planning Commission
(c) Socialist Model
(d) Gandhian Model   

42. The ………… alliance was formalised into an organisation, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), came into existence in year ……… .
(a) Eastern, 1949
(b) Eastern, 1950
(c) Western, 1949
(d) Western, 1950   

43. The headquarters of International Court of Justice is located in
(a) New York
(b) Hague
(c) Brazil
(d) Germany   

44. The Shimla Agreement was signed on
(a) 3rd July, 1973
(b) 4th July, 1972
(c) 3rd July, 1972
(d) 4th July, 1973   

45. Which of the following statements are correct regarding occupational structure?
(a) The occupational structure of country shows the distribution of work force.
(b) It is dominated by Agriculture.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)     

46. The Instrument of Accession was signed by Government of India in which year?
(a) October 1948
(b) October 1947
(c) October 1950
(d) October 1951   

47. Which economic model is followed by India?
(a) Socialist model
(b) Capitalist model
(c) Mixed model
(d) None of these   

48. Which country was the main area of conflict between superpowers as the international alliances during Cold War?
(a) China
(b) Berlin
(c) Germany
(d) Europe   

Section – C

49. Study the following picture and answer the questions that follow.

Which of the following leaders is shown for resolving the issue which caused a lot of anger and resentment?
(a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(b) Acharya Kriplani
(c) Motilal Nehru
(d) MC Majumdar 

50. Observe the picture below and answer the questions that follow.

Class 12 Political Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set B

The above picture shows the relationship between centralised planning and the village reality. The first centralised plan (First Five Year Plan) was drafted in which year?
(a) December 1951
(b) November 1952
(c) November 1951
(d) December 1952   

51. The above shows the Chinese Invasion, 1961. Between 1957 and 1959, the Chinese occupied the …………… area and built a strategic road over their.

Class 12 Political Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set B

(a) Gilgit-Pakistan
(b) Nubra valley
(c) Aksai-Chin
(d) Pangong lake   

Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Countries have conflicts and differences with each other. That does not necessarily mean they must go to war to deal with their antagonisms.
They can, instead, discuss contentious issues and find peaceful solutions; indeed, even though this is rarely noticed, most conflicts and differences are resolved without going to war.
The role of an International Organisation can be important in this context. An International Organisation is not a super-state with authority over its members. It is created by and responds to states. It comes into being when states agree to its creation. Once created, it can help member states resolve their problems peacefully.   

52. Is this necessary to engage into wars during conflict?
(a) Not necessary as countries can discuss their contentious issues to find peaceful solutions.
(b) It is necessary as countries could not mediate on some issues with each other.
(c) Can’t say
(d) None of the above   

53. What is the significance of International Organisations?
(a) To help member states to resolve problems and differences peacefully without restoring to war.
(b) To restrain member states for maintaining peace and cooperation.
(c) To discourage war like situation.
(d) Can’t say   

54. Why International Organisation is not considered a Super-state?
(a) Because it is created by the states.
(b) Because it comes into being when states agrees to its creation.
(c) Because it discourages the liberty of states.
(d) All of the above   

55. Which of the following fact is incorrect about International Organisations?
(a) Negotiate countries on the contentious issues.
(b) Helps to maintain relations among countries.
(c) Discourages war like situations
(d) Immediately address border issues among the countries. 

Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follows.

The interim government took a firm stance against the possible division of India into smaller principalities of different sizes. The Muslim League opposed the Indian National Congress and took the view that the states should be free to adopt any course they liked. Sardar Patel, India’s Deputy Prime Minister and the Home Minister during the crucial period, immediately alter independence, played a historic role in negotiating with the rulers of Princely States in bringing most of them into the Indian Union.
The formation of the Interim government is related to the Second World War. The period post the Second World War was a turning point as all the political prisoners were released who were a part of the Quit India Movement. The Indian National Congress laid the foundation by declaring its participation in the formation of Constituent Assembly. The newly formed government of Clement Attlee dispatched the 1946 Cabinet Mission to India to formulate proposals for the formation of a government that would lead to an independent India. Even though the Muslim League refused to be a part of the Interim Government, insisting on their demand for a separate nation, it eventually became a part of it. In Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s words, the League was “going into the Interim Government to get a foothold to fight for … the cherished goal of Pakistan.”

56. Which government has been referred to as the interim government?
(a) State Government
(b) Indian National Congress Government
(c) Regional Parties Government
(d) None of these   

57. Why did the Muslim League oppose the Indian National Congress?
(a) It favoured that states should be free to adopt any course they wish
(b) It favours the idea of secularism.
(c) It beliefs in the idea of democracy.
(d) All of the above   

58. Who plays a historic role in the integration of states of India?
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(d) Dr. BR Ambedkar   

59. How the leader played a historic role in the integration of states?
(a) Because he skilfully negotiated with separatist Princely States to bring them into Indian Union.
(b) Because he forcefully convinced the Princely States to be a part of Indian Union.
(c) Because he didn’t try to control the Princely States through army rule.
(d) All of the above   

60. The formation of interim government is related to
(a) First World War
(b) Second World War
(c) Simon Commission 
(d) Rowlatt Act   

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