UN faces internal tension over abuse in Xinjiang, ties up with Chinese initiative | Latest Updates

China currently takes center stage at two major UN events: the 51st session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva and the annual meeting of the UN General Assembly in New York. Several Western developed countries are discussing an appropriate response to China’s human rights abuses in Xinjiang. activists demanding concrete action UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet concluded that China may be committing crimes against humanity. But many non-Western, less developed countries, as well as UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, are rallying around China’s efforts to expand its global development initiatives and reform global governance. The polarizing effect of China’s activities in the international arena has increased the fragmentation of the United Nations, and may threaten the ability of the United Nations to resolve the global issues at the center of its mandate.

Several countries are scrambling to create an action plan to hold China accountable for human rights abuses in Xinjiang. Described by Matt Sedensky from The Associated Press Galvanizing Effect of Bachelet’s ReportMost authoritative of its kind:

“Inaction is no longer possible,” said Fernand de Varennes, the UN special envoy on minority rights, at a forum sponsored by the Atlantic Council and Human Rights Watch, as world leaders descend on New York. “If we let it go without punishment, what kind of message is being propagated?”

Jeffrey Prescott, a deputy US ambassador to the United Nations, suggested that the institution’s integrity was at stake in China’s response.

“How these atrocities are addressed ultimately depends on the credibility of that system, of the credibility of our international system,” he said. “It is extremely disheartening to see a country that has been so central to the creation of the modern United Nations system, and enjoys its status as a permanent member of the Security Council, is therefore deeply violating its commitments. ” [Source]

Adding momentum to a side event at the United Nations General Assembly, Bachelet’s predecessor Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein said he believed Genocide should have been mentioned in the UN report, Outside the White House in Washington, DC, Uighur activists began a hunger strike Tuesday to pressure the US government to present a resolution on Xinjiang at the Human Rights Council:

The Chinese government strongly opposes any UN effort to investigate its abuse in Xinjiang. After Bachelet released its report, Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said that the document was “first-hand planned and produced by the US and some Western powers” and “is completely illegal and invalidWhile Liu Yuyin, spokesman for the Chinese mission in Geneva, described the “so-called ‘assessment'” on Xinjiang as “FarceEarlier this month, China’s ambassador to the United Nations said will no longer cooperate With the Human Rights Council due for the publication of the Xinjiang report, and this Thursday Xu Guijiang, a spokesman for the Xinjiang government, told Reuters that “[w]Going to take countermeasures. we are ready to fight,

With the Human Rights Council currently comprising a large contingent of countries backing China in UN resolutions on Xinjiang, it will likely prove challenging to garner enough votes for adequate action. Kenneth Roth, former executive director of Human Rights Watch, said that “one of the [China’s] Top priority right now, probably after Taiwan Avoid condemnation by the Human Rights Council,” adding that “more than any government in the past, [China] By pressuring officials and witnesses and encouraging foreign governments, the United Nations is trying to undermine the human rights system. Patrick Wintour in The Guardian offers insight into how the two sides can stack up after following China’s recent statement, backed by 30 countries, accuses UN rights office of polarizing and politicizing human rights,

number of signatories [on a recent statement backed by 30 countries] represents the fanatic who regularly supports China and was below 40 who signed a statement in June urging Bachelet not to publish his report, but [Olaf Wientzek, from the Konrad Adenauer Foundation thinktank,] Said: “This may reflect the fact that the latest Chinese statement directly criticized the UN Human Rights Office, and was not a general discourse directed primarily against a group of Western countries.”

The HRC has 47 member states, and only eight of the 30 signatories to the Chinese statement are current voting members, but observers predict that a vote will be very close to establishing a well-resourced independent mechanism, which includes about 14 mechanisms. Will support and between 15 and 18 support China’s position.

[…] Besides China, the eight signatories to the statement that sit on the HRC are Bolivia, Cameroon, Eritrea, Cuba, Venezuela, Nepal, the United Arab Emirates and Russia. But there are at least seven African states, as well as Pakistan, which have previously supported China on human rights norms at the United Nations, which sit on the HRC, and may support China again. At least 17 countries can abstain, including India, Indonesia, Mexico and Malaysia. [Source]

China’s growing influence within the UN organizational structure is another impediment to action. Two of the United Nations’ 18 specialized agencies are operated by Chinese authorities, and until last year Chinese officials also lead the International Civil Aviation Organization and the Industrial Development Organization. Even at the top, UN Secretary-General Guterres has been particularly reluctant to anger China. in one Interview with Chinese state-broadcast channel CGTN This week, he praised China’s poverty alleviation efforts and made no mention of human rights abuses against ethnic minorities, although a few days later, he lamented “Complete inaction and carelessness“and a lack of “leadership and resolute action” in protecting minority rights globally.

Meanwhile, China is stepping up its initiatives at the United Nations and is drawing widespread support from the Global South. In New York on Wednesday, China sold a . hosted Global Development Initiative’s group of friends meeting (GDI), which was attended by representatives from 60 countries, including four deputy prime ministers and over 30 foreign ministers, as well as representatives from ten international organizations and UN entities. Secretary-General Guterres appeared in a video message in which he said “the overall global development initiative is one”. Significant contribution to solving common challenges and accelerate the transition to a more sustainable and inclusive future.” The group agreed to lobby the Secretary-General to establish a task force to promote the GDI so that “To strengthen policy dialogue and strategic alignment between the Group and the United Nations Development Agencies,

There is still much debate on the nature and purpose of the GDI. An economist profile of the GDI this summer stated its clearly positive goals as opposed to Western interests, saying,[the GDI] not as innocent as it seems“Add,”[t]The battle lines are being drawn.” Launched a year ago by Xi Jinping, it has been described by Chinese officials and state media as a The evolution of China’s vision for global developmentFollowing the Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to strengthen South-South cooperation and align with the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Summarizing a GDI-themed event organized by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Christopher Adyegu in the China-Global South Project wrote that The GDI is part of a “leadership bid” by China to woo developing countries and demonstrate its concern for their priorities,

Deborah Bruttigam, Director of the China-Africa Research Initiative: The GDI is actually still very unclear. It is a statement of principles. It is a statement of support for the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations and what is called the 2030 Agenda. And that’s exactly what China is going to do in support of those human development goals, but it’s much broader than that. This is the responsibility of China as a developing country. I understand that China has not yet figured out what GDI is. […] China is saying that we are a developing country and we are in it as a developing country. We are one of 150 or more developing countries in the United Nations, we are a large group. And so that post was important.

[…] Samantha Custer, Director of Policy Analysis at EdData: I think it [GDI] Part animating is the vision, a rallying cry about how the world can be achieved that UN member states have set in the Sustainable Development Goals agenda that has lost steam and traction over the years. And so you see in a lot of its coverage, there’s almost a problem solving why we haven’t achieved these things and then China is offering a proposed solution, a set of principles and narratives to guide us. I think it’s also partly a campaign speech, a kind of leadership bid for China as a global leader at the forefront of the SDGs, to help countries learn from and emulate its success story. is a responsible partner. In a way, it’s a good way to inoculate itself against some of the negative criticism the BRI has received over the years. And then there’s this one big tent umbrella… the way the BRI was put up. This very inclusive club, anyone can join, you pool resources, you take risks, you pool knowledge and lessons learned… those things. [Source]

Western governments and media organizations have appeared largely indifferent or hostile to China’s GDI. as Eric Olander ToldDespite overwhelming turnout for China’s diplomatic event in New York, not a single major US or European media outlet covered the meeting. Western apathy runs the risk of ignoring the extent to which China is reshaping power within the United Nations. In the latest episode of the podcast China in Africa, Kobus van Staden said: “China is growing rapidly Focusing on Growth as Coalition-Building, and in the process is changing the very established narratives of what evolution means and how you achieve it. And to a lesser extent, gaining a fairly enthusiastic audience in the Global South. ,

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